LC-NAS: Latency Constrained Neural Architecture Search for Point Cloud Networks

Abstract

Point cloud architecture design has become a crucial problem for 3D deep learning. Several efforts exist to manually design architectures with high accuracy in point cloud tasks such as classification, segmentation, and detection. Recent progress in automatic Neural Architecture Search (NAS) minimizes the human effort in network design and optimizes high performing architectures. However, these efforts fail to consider important factors such as latency during inference. Latency is of high importance in time critical applications like self-driving cars, robot navigation, and mobile applications, that are generally bound by the available hardware. In this paper, we introduce a new NAS framework, dubbed LC-NAS, where we search for point cloud architectures that are constrained to a target latency. We implement a novel latency constraint formulation to trade-off between accuracy and latency in our architecture search. Contrary to previous works, our latency loss guarantees that the final network achieves latency under a specified target value. This is crucial when the end task is to be deployed in a limited hardware setting. Extensive experiments show that LC-NAS is able to find state-of-the-art architectures for point cloud classification in ModelNet40 with minimal computational cost. We also show how our searched architectures achieve any desired latency with a reasonably low drop in accuracy. Finally, we show how our searched architectures easily transfer to a different task, part segmentation on PartNet, where we achieve state-of-the-art results while lowering latency by a factor of 10.

Publication
Silvio Giancola
Silvio Giancola
Research Scientist

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